The finance ministers meeting today at the G20 held in Moscow have today pledged to ensure that multinational companies will no longer be able shifting profits from a home country to pay less tax elsewhere – the aim is to prevent tax avoidance by large companies.
France, Britain and Germany have been the main proponents seeking radical changes to existing european legal loopholes and members of these countries also promised to refrain devaluing their currencies to gain economic advantage; which could cause a “currency war”.
The fears had been sparked by Japan’s recent policies, which have driven down the value of the yen, aiding its exporters.
Organisation of Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) found that multinational firms could exploit gaps between tax rules in the different countries in which they operate.
The finance ministers of the UK, France and Germany – George Osborne, Pierre Moscovici and Wolfgang Schaeuble have called for international action to crack down on companies transferring profits from their originating country to another in order to lower the tax paid.
Mr Osborne decried a global taxation system he said had been guided by principles set out by the League of Nations in the 1920s, with few changes since.
How does Price Fixing work?
An imaginary company CiceroUK Ltd is a subsidiary of the imaginary US company CiceroCorp. It provides books from the paper that’s manufactured at Paper Corp factories in China, and then sells them in the UK.
CiceroUK Ltd’s profit statement
|Total sales revenues||£100m|
|– Cost of Paper from China||£50m|
|– Labour costs and UK overheads||£25m|
|– Royalty fee paid to Paper Corp *||£15m|
|– Interest on loan from CiceroCorp||£5m|
|Taxable profit (revenues minus costs)||£5m|
“Transfer pricing” rules apply to the cost of parts, the fee payment and the interest on the loan. If Paper Corp overcharged for any of these, it would reduce CiceroUK corporation tax bill in the UK, while increasing CiceroCorp axable profits in another country.
*For usage of intellectual property rights and brands owned by the US company
For more information in how companies are avoiding paying Corporate Tax see http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-20580545
The Government is today initiating a historic agreement with Switzerland to tackle offshore tax evasion in an effort to resolve the long-standing abuse of Swiss banking secrecy by those who seek to conceal the proceeds of tax evasion, this measure is expected to secure billions of pounds of unpaid tax for the UK exchequer starting from 2013.
Under the terms of the agreement, existing funds held by UK taxpayers in Switzerland will be subject to a significant one-off deduction of between 19% and 34% to settle past tax liabilities, leaving those who have already paid their taxes unaffected. As a gesture of good faith Swiss banks will make an up-front payment from Switzerland to Britain of CHF 500m.
From 2013, a new withholding tax of 48% on investment income and 27% on gains will ensure the effective future taxation of UK residents with funds in Swiss bank accounts. This will be accompanied by a new information sharing provision which will make it easier for HM Revenue and Customs to find out about Swiss accounts held by UK taxpayers. The new charges will not apply if the taxpayer authorises a full disclosure of their affairs to HMRC.
Source : http://nds.coi.gov.uk